How to Setup an Indoor TV Antenna

How to Setup an Indoor TV Antenna




An overview of a typical indoor antenna setup.

An Indoor TV antenna is ideal to use where there is no access or not possible to install an outdoor antenna, they are compact and easy to install with various form factors and installation options.

Indoor TV antennas are for use in Prime area locations close to the broadcast towers where there is good signal reception. If the TV reception is bad, it is always recommended to use an outdoor antenna or other alternatives as an outdoor TV Antenna offers more reliable and hassle-free TV reception.

Transmitter Signal

First step is to determine the location of the TV transmitter antenna that has the best signal coverage in your area. There are multiple TV transmitter antennas spread across the country to ensure there is maximum signal coverage. This information is available on, where you can check your TV reception signal strength in your area.

How to use the MYSWITCH website

  • On MY SWITCH website enter your full address in the search bar and click get info “1”. This gives you a general idea of how the signal coverage is in the area. Dark green indicates good reception, light green indicates medium reception and orange indicates variable or bad reception “2”.
  • “Check” the “show all transmitters box “3” and look into the transmitters available drop-down menu to see the transmitters in the region.  It is essential to determine which transmitter has the strongest transmission signal in your area and point the TV antenna towards it.
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    Choosing the Right Indoor TV Antenna

    The next step is to choose the antenna, our antennas are classified into two categories for easy selection:

  • Rabbit ears – These are the very basic antennas and can be plugged directly into the TV, they do not use any external power.
  • Amplified Antenna – These antennas are bigger in size compared to rabbit ears and have an adjustable or fixed gain to boost the signal that the antenna receives. These antennas need to be powered and plugged into a wall outlet.

    It is usually recommended to use the amplified antenna unless you have a line of sight from the indoor antenna to the
    transmission tower.

    Antenna Installation

    It is trickier and more of a hassle to install an indoor antenna than an outdoor antenna. It requires a lot of patience, trial and error to setup. Following the steps below will guide you step by step to set up the antenna in the best possible way.

    Position and Direction

  • Once you determine the direction of the TV transmission tower on the ‘MY SWITCH’ website, the indoor antenna needs to be facing that direction of transmission ideally. A compass and/or map can also help.
  • Position at an elevated position, the closest point to the broadcast transmitter, avoiding any obstructions between the antenna and the broadcast transmitter
  • Do not place antenna near sources of RF noise – i.e. motors, power cables etc.
  • The more obstacles there are in between the transmission tower and the antenna the weaker the signal gets, so it is good to place the antenna near a window or as close as possible to the transmission tower.

    Retune the TV after setting up the antenna to see if it picks up any signal, if the TV picks up the channels, note the position and fix the antenna so it is stable, if no channels are picked up make minor adjustments to the telescopic antenna or the loop until there is TV reception.

    Gain Adjustment Models
    For an indoor antenna with a gain adjustment option follow the above steps with Gain in the lowest setting, slowly increasing the Gain until there is a satisfactory signal. Avoid setting gain higher than necessary as too much signal is not good for the signal reception.


    Key points to remember:

  • Your position to transmitter towers
  • Mount the antenna high as possible with the fewest obstructions
  • Keep cable lengths to a minimum
  • TV Reception can be lost from time to time depending on external factors like weather and interference. To fix this issue, minor adjustments to the gain and antenna position needs to be made.
  • Effects of Weather

    Rain: TV reception can be affected by heavy rain, strong winds, and high-pressure systems. While normal precipitation does not have an impact, heavy rainfall can weaken the TV signal. This occurs when there are enough fine raindrops to absorb some of the signal’s power. The signal can either be dissipated or, more commonly, scattered, causing interference.

    Weather: When high and low-pressure systems collide, it can sometimes result in an atmospheric temperature inversion, which can alter the reception of signals.

    Pixelation/no signal
    Digital TV sets now require the received signal level to be within its operating boundaries. A signal level between 45dBuV and 80dBuV is ideal and will present a perfect picture. If the signal is outside of these levels pixelation will occur whether it is too much or too little. The most likely cause of pixelation will be poor signal collection.

    To fix/prevent pixelation you can try the following:

  • Check antenna direction
  • Check gain setting to adjust high or low
  • Check for sources of interference and noise – power cables, exhaust fans, air-conditioners, etc. Try to avoid running coax cables within close proximity to these.

    Reading next

    How to Set Up Antsig Wi-Fi Extender
    How to Join a Coax TV Cable

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